According to the American Diabetes Association, 25.8 million children and adults in the U.S. have diabetes. That is a whopping 8.3 percent of the entire population. There are three main types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. Type 1 diabetes sufferers do not produce insulin, the hormone needed to convert sugar to energy. Only 5 percent of patients have Type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, and millions of Americans have been diagnosed. In this case, either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Without insulin present to break down sugars from food, glucose builds up in the blood, leading to other complications. Type 2 diabetes more commonly affects certain populations including African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans and Asian Americans, as well as the older population.
Gestational Diabetes can develop in pregnant women, usually near the 24th week of pregnancy. This diagnosis is unrelated to either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes and will usually go away after giving birth. Gestational diabetes does, however, require treatment, which usually focuses on diet modifications.
Diabetes symptoms can easily be ignored, leaving many cases undiagnosed. Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes include frequent urination, extreme thirst or hunger, unusual weight loss, and chronic fatigue and irritability.
Those same symptoms can also be indicators of Type 2 diabetes. Sufferers of that disease may also experience frequent infections, blurred vision, cuts and bruises that heal slowly, and numbness in the hands and feet. To further complicate matters, Type 2 diabetes sufferers might present with no symptoms.
Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are typically treated by helping the body regulate glucose. Most patients will need a device to measure blood glucose levels at home. In mild cases, patients might be able to keep manageable levels by exercising and carefully monitoring the starches and sugars in their diet. Others may require injected insulin or oral medications.
Did you know that you can participate in a diabetes clinical trial in Columbus, Ohio? Gain access to a diabetes medication or treatment method which has not yet been released to the public for free by participating in a diabetes clinical study. Participants are given free medical exams and other great perks which could include compensation for your time and travel. To partcipate in a diabete clinical study, click here.